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罗安宪: 我为什么直播讲《论语》和《道德经》?

日期: 2019-07-03

罗安宪: 我为什么直播讲《论语》和《道德经》?



近日,很多人发现,每周六和周日,中国人民大学哲学院教授、孔子研究院罗安宪副院长都会以直播的方式讲《论语》和《道德经》,罗安宪教授的公益直播课引发了舆论的关注。记者对罗安宪教授做了专访。


不熟悉传统经典,不算合格的中国人

  zuoweirendamingshihelaozhuangsixiangyanjiulingyudezhimingxuezhe,luoanxianjiaoshouweihezaijigaoxiaoxueshengshoukedetongshi,kaishimianxiangputongdazhongzhibojieduzhonghuachuantongjingdian?

BB视讯官网  luoanxianjiaoshoushuo,ershishijizhongguodeyidajubian,jiushichuantongwenhuadeduanlie。chuantongwenhuadezhijiezaitishijingdian,jingdianbaocunlezuiyouxiudezhonghuachuantongwenhua。weilemibuwenhuaduanceng,2017nian,zhongguorenmindaxuekongziyanjiuyuanfaqile“zhonghuachuantongjingdiansongduhuodong”,fachu“meitianbanxiaoshi,dashengdujingdian”dechangyi,changdaozaixiaodaxuesheng、zhongxuesheng、xiaoxueshengdashengsongduzhonghuachuantongjingdian。weici,youluoanxianjiaoshouzhubian、renminchubanshechubanle《zhonghuachuantongjingdiansongduwenben》,baokuo: 《zhouyi》、《lunyu》、《laozi》、《daxuezhongyong》、《mengzixuan》、《zhuangzixuan》、《chunqiuzuochuanxuan》、《shijingxuan》、《handaiwenxuan》、《tangdaiwenxuan》、《songdaiwenxuan》、《tangshixuan》、《songcixuan》dengshisanbenshu。suoxuanwenbenweizhonghuachuantongjingdianzhongzuiweizhongyao、zuiyouyingxiang、zuiweiyoumei、zuizhidechuanbodehexinpianzhang。

  youyulishideyuanyin,jintianwuliushisuiderenduizhonghuachuantongwenhuadoucunzaigemo。luoanxianjiaoshougengguanzhuzaidudexuesheng,tebieshizhongxiaoxuesheng。yinweizhongxiaoxuejieduan,zhengshirengeyangchengdeguanjianshiqi。luojiaoshouqiangdiao,jingdiansongdubushizhishijiaoyu,bushikechengjiaoyu,ershirengeyangchengdejiaoyu,shijiankangrengedehanyang。qishi,jiaoyudegenbenzhengshirengedepeiyang。ruguolikaizheiyigenben,jishiyouzhishi、youjishu,danshirenge、renpinyouquexian,zisizili,weilishitu,weidamudebuzeshouduan,zheiyangderenyidingshiyouwentide。

BB视讯官网  weishi“zhonghuachuantongjingdiansongduhuodong”shenrueryouxiaodijinxing,zhongguorenmindaxuekongziyanjiuyuanlianheyouguandanwei,zaiquanqiufanweineichixubbshixunguanwangle“zhonghuachuantongjingdiansongdudengjikaoshi”。luoanxianjiaoshoushuo,duiyuzhonghuachuantongjingdian,shouxianyaoyouyidingdeshuxidu,yaojuyouyidingdewenqing。zheishiwomendechuantong,womendechuantongjiubaocunzaichuantongjingdiandangzhong,womenyouzerenjichengwomendechuantong,womenyeyoubiyaoshuxiwomendejingdian。youderenconglaimeiyourenzhenduguojingdian,queduijingdianbaopipandetaidu,zheishidangxiayigefeichangqiguaidexianxiang。womenmeigerenyaodudeshuhenduo,danzuiyinggaidudezhengshijingdian。zaizheigekuaijiezoudeshidai,henduorenxinjingbuxialai,pingshiburenzhendushu,shenzhibushaorenmeiyouwanzhengdiduguoyibujingdian,zheirangwogandaoshangxin。bushuxizhongguojingdian,bushuxizhongguochuantong,burentongzhongguochuantong,zheizenmenengsuanshiyigehegedezhongguorenni?


  读经典,怎么读?

  luoanxianjiaoshoushuo,dushubushikanshu,ershiyaodashengdidu,chushengdidu,gurenqiangdiaodeshidushuerbushikanshu。dushushiyanjing、zuiba、erduo,quanshenxinditouru。zaidushuzhong,yujingdianweiban,yushengxianweiban,zixitihuizilixingjiandeshenkeyihan。dujingdianbushijiandandiduyibian、liangbian,ershiyaofanfudidu。gudaideyinsongfangshi,xianzaijibenshangshichuanle。womenbuyidingyaoyongyinsong,yongxiandaideyudiaodashengsongdu,jiukeyi。xiaoxueshengsongdujingdian,buyidingwanquanlijie,danbajingdiandushu,zhizhibajibendeneirongbeixialai,jingdiandesixiangyihanhuiqianfuzaidanaozhong,suizhenianlingdezengzhang,huibuduanjiashenduiyujingdiandelijie。

BB视讯官网  zuijin,luoanxianjiaoshoujiezhuzhiboshouduanjiang《lunyu》he《daodejing》,zhupianzhuzhangdijiang。duiyujingdiandejiedu,guoqucunzaizhuduowenti,youderengongqiyiduanbujiqiyu,youderenzewangwenshengyi,huosiyifahui。luoanxianshuo,zijizaizhongguorenmindaxuejidaxuesheng、yanjiusheng、boshishengzhangnianjiangjingdian,taxiangbaxueshuxingdejiedufangfatuiguangdaoquanshehui,zheishizuoweiyigedaxuejiaoshouyiburongcidezeren。

BB视讯官网  henduorenduijingdianhuiyoulijiedepiancha,huiwangwenshengyi,zhuanjiajiaoshoukeyibangzhudajiajiashenduijingdiandelijie,juyigelizi: “bushangxian,shiminbuzheng”。yourenshuolaozizheijuhuabuhao,fanduijingzheng。shijishang,zheige“zheng”,bushijingzhengdezheng,shizhengduo、zhengqiang,shibabierendedongxijuweijiyou,shiweilishitu。laozifanduideshizheiyiyiyishangde“zheng”,laozishuo: “shengrenzhidao,weierbuzheng”。zheizhong“zheng”,rujiayefandui,kongziyeshuo“junziwusuozheng”。rujiahedaojia,fanduideshitongguodajiduifangertaigaoziji,shiwuxianzhidizhengqiangyuzhengduo。youbirushuo,yourenfanduilaozishuode“buganweitianxiaxian”,qishi“ganweitianxiaxian”helaozijiangdebingbushiduilide。laozijiangde“buganweitianxiaxian”yisishibubazijideliyizhiyutarenzhiqian,tebieduiyulingdaozheeryan,shiweirenminmouliyi,erbushiweigerenmouliyi。suoyi,duiyujingdian,womenbunengmanzuyuyizhibanjie,gengbunengyiechuane。


  学者讲经典,怎么讲?

BB视讯官网  luoanxianjiaoshouzongjielexuezhejiangjingdiandejigetedian: yi、bulunshijiang《lunyu》haishijiang《daodejing》,doubunenggulidikanmouyijudeyisi,yinweibulunshikongzihaishilaozi,douyouzijidesixiangxitong,xuyaoqianhoulianguanqilai,bazhengtisixiangdatong,zheiyangyisiziranjiuhuichengxianchulai。biru《daodejing》,laozishuo: “woyousanbao,chierbaozhi: yiyueci,eryuejian,sanyuebuganweitianxiaxian。”laoziyoushuo: “shiyishengrenhouqishenershenxian,waiqishenershencun。”“buganweitianxiaxian”,jiushi“houqishen”。jiangqianhoudewenzilianjieqilai,caihuilijieqizhenshihanyi。zaibiru“xueershixizhi”,shenmeshixue?shenmeshixi?xueshenme?xueleyihouweishenmehaiyaoxi?“xue”zizai《lunyu》zhongchuxianle65ci,tongguoguantong“xue”zheigeguanjianci,zailianxikongzi“haoxue”、yanyuan“haoxue”,womencaihuimingbai: 《lunyu》suoqiangdiaode“xue”,bingbushixuezhishi、xuewenhua、xuejishu,ershixuezuorendedaoli。

  er、zhuanjiajiangjingdian,huizixifenbianhexinguannian,tongguoduihexinguanniandeshenrujiedulaibawojingdiandeshenkeyihan。biru,laozijiang“wuwei”。danwuweibingbushijiandandibuzuoshi,ershibuzuobugaizuodeshi。laozijiang“wuweierwubuwei”,bushitongguowuweierdadaowubuwei。yourenshuolaozijiangyinmou、jiangquanshu、jiangjiliang。zheishiduiyulaozidewujie。zailaozidesixiangxitongzhong,“wubuwei”bushimude,erzhishiyigejieguo。laoziqiangdiaodeshi“shangdewuweierwuyiwei”。“wuyiwei”jiushiwumude、wuyongxin。meigerenzhizijuedibuzuobugaizuodeshi,yejiushi“wuwei”,neime,qijieguoyidingbiyuxiangdehaiyaohao,zheijiushisuoweide“wubuwei”。“wuweierwubuwei”,shidaode,bushiquanmou,zheishilaozidedazhihui。laozijiangdaode,sunzicaijiangjiliangyuquanmou,dangran,sunzidequanmouyujiliangzhixianyujunshizheiyiteshulingyu。xianzaihenduorendatan《sunzibingfa》,datansanshiliuji,shenzhijiang“houheixue”,jiangquanmou、quanshu、jiliangyunyushengchan、jingying、shenghuo,shenzhibazheixiedangchenglezhongguochuantongwenhua,zheishizaishihenbeiaide。lishizhenhuihezhongguorenkaiwanxiao: laozijiangdaode,suoyishilaozi;sunzijiangquanshu,suoyishisunzi。laozizhiweilaozi,dangranyaojiangdaode,zhiyousunzi,caijiangquanshu。zhongguowenhua、zhongguochuantongdegenben,dangranshidaode,rujiaruci,daojiayeshiruci。zuoweizhongguoren,qiebukediudiaolezheigegenben。


  经典诵读,家长和学校怎么做?

  luoanxianjiaoshoujieshao,weilegulixueshengdujingdian,suoyibbshixunguanwanglezhonghuachuantongjingdiansongdudengjikaoshi。kaoshibushimude,zhishiweilecujindushu。dujingdianyebushiweilenazhengshu,ershijizijiyigekending,bingqie,dushubenshenjiushiyizhonghenxiangshoudeshi。

BB视讯官网  haizitanwanshitianxing,haizixuyaoyindao,jingdiansongduxiwangdedaojiazhangdezhongshi。yigejiatingzuizhongyaomoguoyuhaizidejiaoyuyuchengzhang,jiaoyuzuizhongyaodeshirengedeyangcheng,bushikaoshidefenshu。peiyanghaizijuyoujianquanderenge、youaixin,biyiqiedouzhongyao。erjingdiansongduqiahaochengdanlerengeyangchengdezhongyaojiaose。youyigezhangchundehaizi,jinnianjiusui,ernianji,liangnianshijianli,zaimuqindepeibanxia,meitianzaoshangbanxiaoshi,wanshangbanxiaoshi,jianchisongdu,bashisanbujingdianquanbubeisongxialai。youhaojicidengjikaoshi,doushiluoanxianjiaoshouqinziweitajiankao,zheigehaiziduiluojiaoshouliuxialefeichangshenkedeyinxiang。yibanrenwei,《zhouyi》hennan,danjiusuidehaizimeiyounanyiqubie,haizidejiyilishichaohuxiangxiangde。《zhouyi》duwushibian,jiukeyibeixialai,tangshidusanwubianjiukeyibeixialai。xiangxiangkan,yigehaizixinzhongyoushiduowanzidejingdian,bingqiegungualanshu,suizhenianlingdezengzhang,huibuduanjiashenduiyujingdianyihandelijie。zaijingdianzhongzhangdadehaizi,huichengweiyigeduomeyouxiuderen?yinweisongdujingdian,zheigehaiziyangchenglezijuedexuexixiguan,qitakemudexuexifangfahenengliyededaoletisheng。

BB视讯官网  duiyuzhongxue、xiaoxueeryan,xiaozhangmianlinshengxueyali,zheishishishi。danjingdiansongdubuhuifangaiyuwen、shuxuedengkemudexuexi,haihuiyoubangzhu。jiaoyudegenbenshirengedepeiyang、dexingdepeiyang,bushizhishidepeiyang。zuoweixiaozhang,bunengyijibeida、qinghuashusongleduoshaorenweimude,erbuguantamenrihouhuichengweishenmeyangderen。youyigehenputongdejiating,fumuzuizhidejiaoaodeshiyouyigechusedenver。zheigenvercongxiaoxuedaozhongxue,chengjiyizhimingliequanxiaodiyi,houlaibeibaosongdaobeijingdaxue。danshangdaxuehou,tayanliyijiuzhiyouxuexi,zhiyouziwo,jiuzaifuqinzhongbingshengmingchuiweishi,muqinyaotahuilaikanyixiafuqin,tadouyixuexijinzhangweiyouerbuyuanyi。womendejiaoyu,shiyaopeiyangzheiyangzhiyouziwo、meiyoutarenderenma?zheiyangderen,lianjibendeqinqingdoumeiyou,zheinandaobushijiaoyudedabeiai?

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